Woodcraft's Wood Species Guide

Without Wood, It's Just Working...

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Wood is the essential ingredient in our passionate pursuit. For the true woodworker, there is nothing more important than creating a project from the right wood stock. From MDF to Zebrawood, Woodcraft carries a full selection of domestic wood and exotic wood. Woodcraft also carries a wide selection of wood veneers, like Mappa Burl and Ash Burl. Woodcraft means wood. It's right in our name. Additional project supplies include felt or plastic craft sheets, engravable planes, lithophane stock, nuts, gourds, sign making polymer sheets, large exotic wood slabs and ebony gaboon, solders and metals.

Wood is a product of nature, and as such, no two pieces are alike to start with, while the same wood growing in different locales can vary greatly even though it is the exact same species. 

Our Wood Species Guide will help you navigate the world through the eyes of the forest and assist you in choosing the best species for your project. 

Because... without wood, it is just working!

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(Alnus Rubra): Pale pinkish-brown to almost white color. 

Western United States.

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(Guibourtia ehie) is also called Shedua and Mozambique. Its heartwood is yellow brown to dark brown with gray to almost black stripes. 

West Africa.

Amboyna Burl 

(Ptercarpus indicus) Heartwood is a full spectrum of colors ranging from golden brown to deep blood red. 

South East Asia.


(Dicorynia guianensis). Heartwood is reddish to brown and shows wide purplish band. 

Surinam and Guyana. 


(Aningeria Superba): Color is Yellowish-white to pale brown. Flat Cut, Clear, 

Western Africa. 


Ash (Fraxinus americana) has light brown heartwood with almost all white sapwood. 


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Ash Burl 

Ash Burl (Fraxinus americana) has light brown heartwood burls with almost all white sapwood. 


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Aussie Burl

Eucalyptus is the name given to a huge genus of trees from Australia.



Light in color with dark brown specs. Grown in 

South American rain-forests.

Baltic Birch 

Light in color but may contain knot pattern or mineral streaks. 

This plywood is a functional grade material composed of birch from parts of Russia.

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Two main colors: Natural and Carbonized (or Carmelized). A grass and not a hardwood, Bamboo is a green product – fast growing and renewable. 


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Banksia Pod 

Pods are hard and solid with seed pod cavities running from the outside toward the center core. 



Creamy white in color and lighter in weight than the related European Lime. 

Canada and USA. 


(Fagus sylvatica): Light Brown to Pinkish hue color. Flat Cut. 


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(Betula Papyrifera): Wide sapwood, creamy white in color with a pale brown heartwood. Rotary Cut. 

Canada and Eastern USA.

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Birch w Phenolic Plywood

Attractive Brown color. Manufactured material glued together with exterior glue, the birch plies are sandwiched between a top and bottom layer of phenolic-impregnated 

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Blackwood African 

(Dalbergia melanoxylon) Purplish black to dark brown with black streaks.

Blackwood Burmese 

(Dalbergia cultrata) The heartwood is dark blackish brown with sections of dark red with black or purple streaks. 

South East Asia.

Blackwood Tasmanian 

(Acacia melanoxylon) is also known as Australian Blackwood, Sally Wattle, Lightwood and Mudgerabah. Blackwood timber color ranges from a very pale honey color to a dark chocolate with streaks of red. 



(brosimum paraense) or "cardinal wood" is a medium to hard wood with red to crimson color and tight straight interlocking grain. 

South America. 

Bloodwood / Satine 

(brosimum paraense) or "cardinal wood" is a medium to hard wood with a bright, vivid red color and tight straight interlocking grain. 

South America. 


(Cordia spp.) has a yellowish brown body with dramatic dark brown to almost black stripes. Color tends to darken with age.  

Mexico, Central/South America, & Africa.


(Calycophyllum multiflorum) Colors range from creamy yellow to variegated brown/olive-like heartwood that is generally only on one face. 

Paraguay, South America


Briar root, the burlwood of the Heath Tree, is also known as French bruyère. The wood is light brown to reddish brown, often beautifully textured. 


(Guibourtia spp.) also known as African rosewood, is a beautiful dense hardwood with a rose-colored background and darker purple striping. 


Buckeye Burl 

Stabilized. This process improves on Mother Nature by infusing the blanks with an orange / black acrylic resin. 


(Juglans cinera) Common Names: Butternut, white walnut, oil-nut. Color is medium brown to dark brown heartwood, sometimes with a reddish tint. Butternut is closely related to Black Walnut. 

Canada and USA.


(Julbernardia pellegriniana) The heartwood is light brown with alternating darker stripes throughout. Native to Cameroon and Gabon in Africa. 



(Acacia erioloba) wood is dark reddish-brown in color and extremely dense and strong. Camelthorn seeds can be roasted and used as a substitute for coffee beans. 

Southern Africa.


(Centroloblum orinocense) Color can vary from a pale yellow-orange to a darker reddish brown, usually with darker streaks throughout. The color tends to darken with age. 



(Anadenanthera collubrina) or Patagonian Rosewood is a very attractive wood. Similar to black cherry, but more figured and richer in color. 

Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil 

Cedar Aromatic 

(Juniperus virginiana) Sapwood is white to cream and is intermixed and contrasts with the salmon to dark red of the heartwood. 


Cedar Spanish 

(Cedrela Odorata) is light reddish brown to dark brown in color with grain texture similar to that of mahogany. 

Central and South America. 

Chakte Viga 

(Caesalpinia platyloba) also known as Mexican Pernambuco has a nice orange color that darkens with time and often is strongly iridescent. 

Central America


(Prunus serotina) features heartwood in reddish brown to deep red, with brown flecks, and will naturally darken with age. 


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Cherry Brazilian 

(Hymenaea courbaril) also known as jatoba can vary in color, from a lighter orange-brown, to a darker reddish brown, which tends to become darker with age. Central America, southern 

Mexico, northern South America, and the West Indies.

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(Dalbergia sp) can be seen in a kaleidoscope of different colors, ranging from yellow, orange, red, and shades of brown with streaks of black or purple. 

Central America.

Coolibah Burl 

This burl wood offers unmatched color and grain patterns in a deep reddish-brown. 

Northern Australia


Colors from these “sinker” logs range from cinnamon to honey to olive green. 

Southern USA

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Chacate Preto

(Guibourtia conjugata) the heartwood is dark brown, nearly black, with lighter honey brown longitudinal streaks and sometimes a slightly greenish color. 

Native to South Africa



(Swartzia arborescens) Also known as Dalmation, this wood is a warm reddish-brown color with black or very dark brown streaks.

Douglas Fir 

(Pseudotsuga menziesii): The heartwood is a light reddish-brown shade, Straight grained but sometime with a wavy or spiral grain. 

Western North America.



(Berlinia grandiflora) also known as red zebrawood. The heartwood varies from pink-red to dark red-brown. Dark-purplish-brown irregular streaks or stripped veins are sometimes visible on quartered surfaces. 


Ebony Black and White 

(Diospyros embryopteris) is an exotic wood with color that will vary, usually uniformly black with light-colored bands, pale to medium brown zones, or with marked contrast between almost white and black wood.  

Southeast Asia and Laos.

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Ebony Gaboon 

(Diospyros spp.) is usually jet black, with little to no variation or visible grain. Occasionally dark brown or grayish-brown streaks may be present. 


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Ebony Macassar 

(Diospyros celebica) has a dramatic striped appearance, somewhat similar to zebrawood. Dark brown to black heartwood with contrasting bands of yellow to golden brown. 

Southeast Asia.

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Elm Burl 

(Ulmus campestris) also known as Carpathian elm has swirling grain and a wonderful range of colors. 

France, England, Netherlands.

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Finnish Birch 

100% Finnish birch multi-ply plywood is lightweight, yet has superior strength and durability characteristics. Grain runs with largest dimension.

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Goncalo Alves

 (Astronium graveolens) is a medium reddish-brown with irregularly spaced streaks of dark brown to black. The color will darken with age, and the color variations on a board can often be dramatic.


(Platymiscium ulei) also known as Coyote, Macacauba or Trebol, is an extremely hard, satiny, reddish–brown wood with charming light cream colored highlights and swirling grain. Central and South America, particularly Suriname, Honduras and Venezuela.

Guanacaste Slabs 

(Enterolobium cyclocarpum) Reddish-brown. Mexico and Central America and are especially abundant in the Guanacaste province of Costa Rica.


Hickory / Pecan 

(Carya glabra): The heartwood is brown or red with the sapwood being creamy white. Eastern North America. 

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American Holly 

(Ilex Opaca) is a close grained, moderately heavy, creamy white wood with almost indistinct growth rings. Eastern United States.

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Hormigo Negro

(platymiscium dimorphandrum) has a dense, hard, reddish-brown heartwood with dark stripes. Central America.



(Swartzia spp.) also known as Suriname Ironwood is a delicious chocolate brown with excellent figure and wild darker stripes. Suriname and northern South America.



(Hymenaea courbaril) also known as Brazilian Cherry. The heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown marked with dark brown and russet streaks. Central and South America. 


(Dyera costulata) is white or straw colored, and there is no differentiation between heartwood and sapwood. Malaysia.


Astronium Graveolens) pronounced (Ho be yo) has a light reddish brown heartwood streaked with sharply contrasting dark reddish to black band that resemble burn marks. Central America.



(Pterocarpus angolensis) color can vary widely from a light golden brown to a dark reddish- or purplish- brown. South Central Africa.


(Dalbergia ceaserensis) is a rich violet brown background shading to almost black. Streaks of black, violet black, and brown appear throughout the material. Sapwood is off-white. Brazil.

Knotty Pine 

(Pinus palustris): The heartwood is orange to reddish-brown. Southern USA.

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(Albizia lebbeck) also called Lebbeck, Frywood and Woman’s Tongue tree is a light yellowish-brown to light brown heartwood. Indonesia, New Guinea and northern Australia.



(Panopsis spp.) Reddish brown with darker brown “lace” patterning. South America.


(Amphimas pterocarpoides) is also known as “white Wenge”. Although the color is nothing like Wenge, the grain can be strikingly similar to Wenge. The heartwood is yellowish-brown, often with whitish markings that darken with age. Cameroon.


(Roupala montana) is a medium to dark reddish-brown with grey or light brown rays, which resemble the spots on a leopard. 

Lignum Vitae 

(Guaiacum officinale) Dark greenish brown to almost black and sharply demarcated from the pale yellow or cream-colored sapwood. 

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Argentinean Lignum Vitae

(Bulnesia Sarmientoi) An olive-green to rich brown wood with straight grain, it has a satiny feel and a spicy-sweet fragrance.

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Madre Cacao

(Gliricidia sepium) Heartwood can be shades of red mixed with light and dark brown, while sapwood is cream in color. Dense, extremely hard exotic wood.  Guatemala. 


(Arbutus menziesii): Reddish-brown color. Northwest North America.

Madrone Burl 

(Arbutus menziesii): Reddish-brown color. Northwest North America.


(Swietenia macrophylla) is also known as Tropical Mahogany, South American Mahogany, Caoba and Chiculte. 

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African Mahogany 

African Mahogany in the Khaya genus. The heartwood is a light pink-brown that darkens when cut to a reddish-brown.

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(Tieghemella heckelii) Also known as African Cherry, Curly Makore varies from light reddish-brown to dark brown. South Africa, Cameroon and the Congo.

Mallee Burl 

(Eucalyptus socialis) Red Mallee Burl is prized for its vibrant color and heavy concentration of burl eyes. Australia.


(Acer saccharum) sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish brown. 

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Ambrosia Maple 

Ambrosia maple is technically not a specific species of maple, but rather a general description of any type of maple that has been infested by ambrosia beetles. 

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Birds Eye Maple 

Birds Eye Maple is so named because the figure resembles small bird's eyes.  Canada and North Eastern USA. 

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Maple Burl 

(Eucalyptus socialis) Red Mallee Burl is prized for its vibrant color and heavy concentration of burl eyes. Australia.

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Maple Curly 

Curly maple is not actually a species, but simply a description of a figure in the grain. 

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Maple Quilted 

Quilted Maple looks like a wavy quilted pattern when the wood is flatsawn.

Mappa Burl 

Mappa Burl (Populus nigra): Creamy white with reddish brown knots and open knots. Europe. 


(marmaroxylon racemosum) has heartwood in an orange-yellow color with black wavy streaking that gives it a marble appearance. South America.


Pre-coated with heat-activated glue, just iron these melamine strips for a permanent bond. Black and white.


(Prosopis nigra) Black Mesquite is a heavy hardwood that ranges from rich brown to chocolate with purple overtones in color with a grain structure resembling mahogany.  Argentina, South America.

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(Colophospermum mopane) The heartwood is brown reddish brown, while the sapwood is yellow to light brown. 


(Albizia julibrissin) is native to Asia and is widely planted as an ornamental tree. The color can vary from a light brown to a deeper golden, even a reddish brown.

Myrtle Burl 

Myrtle Burl (Umbellularia californica): The heartwood color is a rich golden brown to yellowish-green, ranging in hue from light to dark. Burl. Oregon and California, USA. 


Platymiscium spp.) ranges from bright red to a darker reddish- or purplish-brown color, commonly with darker strips. Sapwood is clearly demarcated yellow to white. 

Central and South America.

MDF Medium Density Fibreboard

This engineered wood product is made by compressing wood fibers into a wax and resin binder.



(Pterocarpus indicus) Known as Burma padauk or Amboyna. Light yellow to golden brown to reddish brown, to red heartwood. Sapwood is straw colored or white and clearly defined. Dark growth bands give an attractive figure.


Red Oak 

Red oak (quercus rubra). Straight grained wood with a coarse texture that varies according to rate of growth. Color ranges from light cream, pinkish-red to dark tan or golden brown. USA

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White Oak 

White Oak (Quercus alba): Beige to medium brown, which finishes to a rich honey color. Canada and USA. 

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Whiskey White Oak

Whiskey White Oak is made from whiskey barrels once used by the Jack Daniel Distillery. Also in red wine oak barrels which cast a red hue to the wood. USA

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African Olivewood 

(olea capensis) The heartwood is often pale to medium brown with irregular streaks that vary from brown to dark-brown and dark grey. The sapwood is generally pale yellow. Africa

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Bethlehem Olivewood 

(Olea Europaea) This very hard and close grained wood is yellow or light greenish-brown and is often finely veined with a darker tint. The wood comes from the Galilee region of Israel which was the home of Jesus for at least 30 years of his life. 

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Roman Olivewood 

Olivewood is dense, oily and beautiful golden grown lumber with brown and black streaks running through it. Italy

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Orange Agate 

(Platymiscium spp.) is an orange/brown to dark brown colored wood. Native to Peru.

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Argentinian Osage Orange 

(maclura tinctoria) Deep golden orange color. The heartwood is accentuated by bands of darker and lighter grain. Argentina

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(pterocarpus soyauxii) Medium to hard wood, color can vary, ranging from a pale pinkish orange to a deep brownish red. Central and tropical west Africa. 

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Black Palm

(Borassus flabellifer) This wood has a brown background streaked with elongated dark brown and black vascular bundles. Southeast Asia m 

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Red Palm 

(Cocos nucifera) or Coconut Palm has reddish brown fibers that are embedded in a lighter tan or light brown colored body. Southeast Asia

Pau Rosa 

(Swartzia Madagascarensis). Pau Rosa is also called snake bean. Heartwood is a beautiful yellow-brown with a subtle to pronounced striped figure in varying shades of brown and reddish-brown.  Native to Tanzania.


Pine (Pinus palustris): The heartwood is orange to reddish-brown. Southern USA. 

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Pink Ivory 

(Berchemia zeyheri) Heartwood varies from light to dark pink, and red with lighter shades of cream. Southern Africa


(Liriodendron tulipifera) Poplar, Tulip Poplar or Yellow Poplar  is light cream to yellowish brown with some occasional streaks of gray or green. It has a straight uniform grain. USA

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(Peltogyne spp). Bright purple when cut, it darkens to a deep purplish brown.  Central and South America.

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(Myroxylon peruiferum) or Argentine Sandalwood. A pinkish-red wood with an oily feel and incredible perfumed scent that lasts. Argentina



(Erythroxylon mexicanum) The bright red background of Redheart is host to a number of very interesting streaks and closed knots. Mexico / Central America.

Redwood Burl 

Spectacular figure is guaranteed.

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(Guibourtia coleosperma) This rosewood has the same grain structure and density but is more of a Salmon pink with black veining. Africa

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Bolivian Rosewood 

(machaerium scheleroxylon) This wood is deep, dark, chocolate brown to purple-black in color with occasional strips of even darker grain patterns. South America

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Burmese Rosewood 

(Dalbergia olivera) Like most rosewoods, the heartwood has variegated colors from burgundy to light brown. Southeast Asia

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East Indian Rosewood 

(dalbergia latifolia) Heartwood of East Indian rosewood can vary from a golden brown to a deep purplish brown, with darker brown streaks. India.

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Honduras Rosewood 

(dalbergia stevensonii) Heartwood color can range from a deep brownish-purple to a light-brown. Central America. 

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Patagonia Rosewood 

Color ranges from cream to orange tones and over time changes to deep orange/reddish brown. Argentina

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Rosewood Yucatan 

(Dalbergia yucatensis) Is a hard, light-reddish cinnamon brown wood with darker stripes. Central and South America

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(Entandrophragma cylindricum) is a genuine substitute for Mahogany. Our Sapele comes from the Congo Basin in Africa. 

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Satinwood Figured Asian 

(Lagerstroemia spp.) Heartwood is cream-tan in color with an unbelievable grain pattern ranging from curly to fiddleback. Native to Southeast Asia. gured Asian 


(Piratinera Guianensis) The heartwood is a dark red or reddish brown with conspicuous, irregular black speckles or stripes resembling skins of certain snakes. South America.

Southeast Asian Gmelia  Burl 

(Gmelina arborea) is pale yellow to cream colored when fresh, turning yellowish-brown (often with greenish hues) upon exposure.

Southeast Asian Piynma / Sindora Burl

Burls yield a very peculiar and highly figured wood, its rarity also adds expense. It is very sought after. Southeast Asia


(Platanus occidentalis) Sycamore has a whitish to light yellow sapwood with a darker reddish brown heartwood. East Coast USA

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Tagua Nuts 

The natural nut of the Tagua Palm Tree is a practical alternative to animal ivory. South America


(Tamarindus indica) has a spectacular heartwood with background colors of ivory, yellow and black lines, which gives an unpredictable landscape effect. Native to Laos. 

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(Excoecaria Africana) heartwood is dark brown with darker longitudinal streaks that create beautiful markings. Native to Swaziland. 


Wood is a product of nature, and as such, no two pieces are alike to start with, while the same wood growing in different locales can vary greatly even though it is the exact same species.

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Thuya Burl 

Its color varies from a rich, lustrous golden brown to nearly black. The eyes, perfectly round, are scattered about in some burls like the figure in bird's-eye maple. Atlas Mountains of Morocco

Tigre Caspi 

(Zygia cataractae) has yellow to golden or orange brown heartwood, with irregular brown/black streaks. Native to Peru

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(Pseusopiptadenia psilostachya.) Timborana has interlocking grains, brilliant burnt orange and deepening reds with a golden glow beneath.


Also known as Indian Apple. Golden sapwood when first milled that darkens to a rich American cherry within a month or two. Chile


(Dalbergia frutescens) Hard dense wood with a pinkish to yellowish heartwood with pronounced stripes of violet, salmon, and rose. Brazil


(Nyssa aquatica) Cream to light tan in color. Southeast United States.

Burmese Teak 

(Tectona grandis) Burmese Teak heartwood is a uniform golden brown without markings. Native to Southeast Asia.

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(juglans nigra) Heartwood can range from a lighter pale brown to a dark chocolate brown with darker brown streaks. Color can have a grey, purple, or reddish cast. Canada and USA. 

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Walnut Burl 

(Juglans nigra): Dark brown with some lighter streaks, fading toward the edges with a faint purple hue, Flat cut. USA and Canada. 

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Peruvian Walnut 

(Juglans spp.) Heartwood is darker than domestic walnut, with a deep chocolate brown color, and may contain streaks of lighter colored wood. Native to Mexico.

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(millettia laurentii) Very dark brown in color with very close, straight grain and fine black veins. Africa.

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(euxylophora paraensis) Yellowheart has a fine texture and a naturally high luster. Heartwood color ranges from pale to golden yellow, darkening slightly with age. Central America. 

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(Pouteria sapota), also known as Chico Zapote. Its color varies from a deep, solid reddish-brown to a light reddish-orange.


(Microberlinia brazzavillensis) has a light golden yellow heartwood with streaks of dark brown to black. Africa

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(Cordia dodecandra.)  A rich dark brown color, with irregular thin, wavy black lines. Mexico

Explore Wood Articles

If you look around the room you’re in, chances are you can see edge banding on some of the furniture or trim in the room. That’s because it is almost always easier and more practical to build large projects with plywood.  For furniture or other decorative pieces, plywood is a less expensive alternative to solid wood and it is dimensionally stable so you don’t have to worry about expansion or warping.  

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When it comes to interior renovations that add a ton of value, wood is always a good place to start. Expertly finished wooden renovations are highly prized by potential home buyers and are very likely to boost your property value. There are plenty of options to choose from in terms of interior wooden renovations as well, so in case you want a beautiful new wood addition that’s going to add home value, here are a few of our favorites.

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Give your work a beautiful skin.

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